appalachian english dictionary

It’ll shore look purty to see where you slice down six rows of weeds. At the same time, ARC confirmation points to areas needing sources to balance coverage, with North Georgia being perhaps the most conspicuous example. The dictionary included an extensive sketch of morphology and syntax and other unprecedented features. 1981 GSMNP-117:27 He said, “I don’t care if you goin’ if your parents don’t care.”  1986 (in 2000 Puckett Seldom Ask 89) If you don’t care to, Sue, would you fix me a sandwich. Each entry contains a headword or phrase with variant forms and spellings, one or more definitions, dated citations, and etymology. 1864 D Walker CW Letters (June 19) I wold not Car if yow wold Send me your liknesses. For more information about Michael B. Montgomery, visit Thus, one can translate “a lot of mountain people are kind of backward, but I don’t care to talk to nobody” as “many mountain people are somewhat shy, but I don't mind talking to anyone.”, 1932 Dugger War Trails 240-41 Mary Clawson, who was a good match-maker, called from the big house door: “Come in here, boys. Dictionary of Southern Appalachian and Smoky MountainEnglish. Dictionary of Smoky Mountain English. DSASME encompasses parts of eight states, basing its demarcation of Southern Appalachia in large part on that of the Appalachian Regional Commission, from southern West Virginia to northeast Alabama[2]. For instance, if somebody was to try to jump over a fence or high bar, he'd back up and take a run ’n go at it. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Then someone he knew eased up alongside him.” I’m on my way to town, Will,” the fellow said. 2004. Hey family and friends – when you see me next – don’t be surprised if you hear a little bit of that hillbilly twang in me! Through the nationwide survey it undertook in the late 1960s, DARE has provided more than 500 citations, and DSASME cross-references nearly 2,000 regional labels that DARE assigns to terms and senses. [1977 Shackelford et al Our Appalachia 20 There’d be a lot of girls there, seventeen- and eighteen-year-old, helping them quilt. 116 South Boundary Street | Chapel Hill, NC 27514-3808 [1]In part because of this reduced proportion, the title page will state that DSASME “incorporates the lifetime collections of Joseph Sargent Hall” rather than listing Hall as co-editor. Story, G.M., W.J. This report describes the Dictionary of Smoky Mountain and Southern Appalachian English, a forthcoming work of lexicography based on historical principles. care verb To be willing or agreeable to, mind (usually in phrase I don’t care to or I would not care, especially as a response to a suggestion or invitation). Your Guide to Speaking Like a True Appalachian Pioneer: Bald – A treeless area on a mountain; Blackberry Winter – Time where there is cool weather at the same time as the blooming of wild blackberry shrubs in May Yet he never slackened his pace and his eyes charted the road ahead as he walked with determined steps. Referring to the people and culture of Appalachia. 1929 Chapman Mt Man 510 “I don’t care for work” means “I like to work—I don’t mind working.” And “I’d not care to drive a car” means “I am not afraid to—I’d like to drive a car.” Yet outlanders who have lived years in the mountains are still taking these comments in the modern sense, and advertising that the mountain man is lazy and that he is shy of modern invention. As with DARE, its entries are sometimes encyclopedic, representing a general reference work that documents speech from a vast range of walks of life, perspectives on the world, social habits and patterns, and more. Forthcoming. Then the cat was thrown in and the boys would try to shake it out toward their best girl. In being a comprehensive historical record of the region’s English, DSASME goes beyond conventional lexicography in numerous ways. 1969 Hannum Look Back 47 They called it cat shakin’—and poor cat! Dictionary of Smoky Mountain and Southern Appalachian English: The phrase means “to be willing or agreeable to... especially as a response to a suggestion or invitation.” This dictionary gives varying examples and time periods of the idiom’s usage from 1862 into today. [7]Citations from the Wilson Collection are drawn from the published volumes of DARE and the collection deposited at the DARE office facilities. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. It discusses the dictionary’s relationship to the earlier Dictionary of Southern Appalachian and Smoky Mountainn English and to the Dictionary of American Regional English. Yet it embodies the acknowledged, widely imitated, often cherished heartland of traditional rural American culture as expressed in music, storytelling, and much more. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. plural noun. It is not surprising that in reality this speech is much more heterogeneous than popularly perceived. 1956 Hall Coll (Del Rio TN) I took a run-ago at it and just frailed it. Mrs. Clawson now threw the cat over into the center of the quilt and all began to shake up and down. The culture and speechways of Southern Appalachia. (Newport TN) She took a runnin’-go at him. 2. The verb may range in sense from the understatement “not to object” to the more affirmative “to be pleased if one does.”. Many aspects of the dialect that are considered improper in contemporary English were considered culturally and grammatically proper in the 1700s. Definition of appalachia in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Especially because of the comparatively shallow time-depth of DSASME, few entries illustrate all three principles, notably 2). Michael B. Montgomery (1950–2019) was Distinguished Professor Emeritus of English and Linguistics at the University of South Carolina. Accordingly, it qualifies counties in central Alabama, central Tennessee, and central Kentucky, as well as northeastern Mississippi, as “Appalachian” that are many miles from hill country. We all would come in of an evening, and we’d want to shake the cat. For much of the country and indeed abroad, Southern Appalachia is synonymous with authenticity. Definition of Appalachian. Definitions Related words. A welcome and much-needed update to a classic.”—Walt Wolfram, author of Talkin’ Tarheel. "Was you born in a barn?" A quilt was laid out on the floor; all courting-age young bent down, took firm hold of its edges with both hands, and raised up with it. Author 4 To behave riotously or with abandon, “run around,” “raise hell,” especially under the influence of alcohol. 1978 Montgomery White Pine Coll V-3 They said, “If you fellows are deer hunting up in there, now watch about shooting down on us because we’ll be up there making liquor.” They didn’t care to tell it. 1998 Brewer Words of Past Another East Tennesseism is the practice, when asking somebody to do something, of adding “if you don’t care to” when the meaning is exactly opposite of the plain English. Grammatical forms and patterns are covered in particular detail because they are often hallmarks of southern Appalachian English. For many in the region, their speech marks their identity and their attachments. The proportion of entries derived from Hall’s collections has decreased from more than twenty percent to less than ten, with the sequel enlarging most entries and adding thousands more to comprise a projected 10,000 (four of which are presented in the Appendix) and 35,000 citations—60 percent more material than DSME[1]. Dictionary of Newfoundland English, 2nd ed. Where it gets interesting are the many grammatical changes from the standard dialect. Friendships forged and Hall’s curiosity led to periodic onsite collecting of folkloric material as varied as witchlore and dance parties. form swarping only, the word has some currency in a sense roughly definable as wenching, hell-raising; or more mildly as skylarking, cavorting, playing: “The boys was out swarpin’ (or ‘swarpin’ around’) last night.” The occurrence of the opprobrious sense appears to be spotty; the word is used in the other senses freely and without embarrassment by native speakers who are distinctly modest. 1991 Haynes Haywood Home 55 When it was really cold, ice skating on the branches and creeks was fun if we could get away with it. Each boy and girl stooped and gripped the rim of the quilt with both hands and raised it up as they straightened. “Dictionary of Southern Appalachian English is a landmark contribution to the lexicographical and linguistic study and the description of Southern Appalachian English. 1946 Dudley KY Words 271 = in the pple. The Smokies are at the center of a folk culture whose salience, breath of documentation, and wide interest beyond the immediate area justified the relatively small geographical compass of the 2004 volume. [3]In this report, “the editor” refers to Montgomery. Noun. : a native or resident of the Appalachian mountain area. 1296 pp., 8.5 x 11, 12 halftones, 8 tables, notes, bibl. The entry for care is important for the idiom I don't care to, which non-natives to the region tend to misinterpret as a negative response, i.e. running go (also run-ago, run and go, run ’n go, runny go, run to go) noun A running start, leap, or attack on, an energetic charge toward or against. Page. 1982 Maples Memories 32 Dad said that he and a friend were riding one day, and the friend, acting smart, reached over and gave Dad’s mule a swarp across the back. As the successor work, DSASME retains every significant feature of DSME. Michael Montgomery and others have used grammatical evidence, which is generally slower to change than pronunciations, to track Appalachian speech back to their origins from the predominantly Scots-Irish immigrants that settled in the area, along with others. (Placename) of, from, or relating to the Appalachian Mountains. The poor cat was perfectly bewildered. The English of Southern Appalachia has long been represented in literature and popular media as both distorted and artificially uniform, giving rise to stereotypes—not infrequently to caricatures— about its form and usage and to misconceptions about its history. When it tried to leap over on one side, they hurled it back to the other; when it was wriggling to get on its feet, they whirled it over on its back. According to DARE, swarp is a term distinctly Appalachian in distribution. 1976 Bear Hunting 284 The way [bears] wind around and swarp through them roughs and maybe make three or four trips around one knob, why, you may travel a long way. To ensure capturing as much research and commentary on the English of the eight-state region as possible, the editor has read in their entirety the hundreds of popular and scholarly publications on the region’s speech listed and annotated at his website (Appalachian English[4]). 1946 Dudley KY Words 272 Besides a cutting stroke this word as a noun sometimes means a swishing or swinging motion: “One day he gets too sorry to bend and lace his shoes, and it’s a swarp, swarp, every step.”  1963 Edwards Gravel 72 He kept saying “Whoa,” and every time he said it, he gave her another sworp with the withe. The dictionary’s exhaustive pursuit of subject-area sources, undertaken by visiting libraries and archives in person or through shelf searches online, has tracked down far more items from or about the region than DARE could have done. So much so that I’ve picked up on a few of those Appalachian words and phrases. 2007 Preece Leavin' Sandlick 40 He wuz so bad to drank and come in jest a swarpin, trying to fight on Lassie Jo. 1990). Take a run and go and just slide all the way down to the hall and then up again. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. DSASME attests an intriguing variety of ways speakers who have probably never seen the word written have analyzed (or as Jespersen says, “metanalyzed”) the series of three syllables they hear, while at the same time apparently agreeing on its sense. c1959 Weals Hillbilly Dict 5 When a mountaineer says, “I don’t keer to work,” what he means is that he doesn’t object to working, that he’s used to working, and that he accepts the fact that a man must work to live. That was the idea of the game; whichever girl the wild-eyed tabby leaped nearest to would marry first. In a 1990 visit to Hall, who had retired to Oceanside, California, Montgomery agreed to carry that glossary forward through a comprehensive reading program and to develop a full-fledged dictionary of the mountainous region along the Tennessee-North Carolina border. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found 20 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word appalachian: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "appalachian… Save 40% on UNC Press books during our Annual Holiday SALE! A particular emphasis of DSASME is morphosyntax, meaning that suffixes, phrases, word-order patterns, and other elements of grammar have been fashioned into dictionary entries more so than in any other dictionary of English. Drawing on experience from throughout the editor’s life and career, DSASME exercises particular caution in citing fiction. Some have romanticized the English spoken there as the language of Shakespeare and admired its authenticity and inventiveness. Illustrative citations—from lively, tender, or nostalgic reminiscences, to quotidian or official accounts—illuminate the lives of people in a unique landscape over more than three centuries of history. Many translated example sentences containing "Appalachian Mountains" – Spanish-English dictionary and search engine for Spanish translations. Yet fordictionary purposes, boundaries are required in order to determine whether a given source qualifies for citation. Hardcover Available June 2021, but pre-order your copy today! 1 To strike, thrash, push with a swinging or sweeping motion. Approx. For Professors: Three ways in which DSASME greatly augments and improves historical coverage can be highlighted: rich coverage of the mid-nineteenth century through nearly 2,000 citations from manuscript letters from the ongoing Corpus of American Civil War Letters project; a reading program encompassing hundreds of published sources, including many read by the editor[3] after being identified in the now-completed Dictionary of American Regional English (DARE); and the editing of entries to produce a systematic chronological spread of citations, with the aim of one every fifteen to twenty years in the twentieth century. Appalachian. 1931 Hannum Thursday April 52 “Come and set?” “I wouldn’t keer to.” The rising inflection of the guest’s voice indicated her willingness, so together they dropped down in the cool grass. (Geological Science) geology of or relating to an episode of mountain building in the late Palaeozoic era during which the Appalachian Mountains were formed. The Dictionary of Southern Appalachian and Smoky Mountainn English (Montgomery and Heinmiller forthcoming; hereinafter DSASME), now under contract and under final review at the University of South Carolina Press, is an outgrowth of the Dictionary of Smoky Mountain English (Montgomery and Hall 2004; DSME) and is an expansion of the earlier work geographically and chronologically. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Mitchell, 6,684 feet (2,037 meters). Montgomery, Michael B., and Joseph S. Hall. The reference book I use most often for vocabulary tests and other dialect posts is the Dictionary of Smoky Mountain English.Michael Montgomery is the author of the dictionary. [See 2005 in B1. the Appalachian Words and Phrases: “bless her heart” The conflict is encapsulated in the ways natives and others evaluate the speech associated with Appalachia. 1975 Duncan Mt Sayens Two of my friends, from the Midwest, left a little old lady standing in the road because she replied “I don’t care to” to their offer of a ride. 1939 Hall Coll (Hartford TN) [The bear] wheeled back on the dogs. Appalachia - an impoverished coal mining area in the Appalachian Mountains (from Pennsylvania to North Carolina) Appalachian Mountains, Appalachians - a mountain range in the eastern United States extending from Quebec to the Gulf of Mexico; a historic barrier to early westward expansion of the United States. Free E-Exam Copies. I’m your host, Jennifer Heinmiller. Includes free vocabulary trainer, verb tables and pronunciation function. Many of these peripheral counties are excluded from coverage by DSASME. When a quilt came off the frame, the unmarried women went outdoors, put a wary feline in the center of the quilt, held onto the corners and bounced the nervous animal into the air. That said, it extensively utilizes the works of many authors native to the region, most notably ones from Eastern Kentucky (including Harriet Simpson Arnow, James A. ‎Welcome to Appalachian Words, the show about language and culture in Appalachia. 1999 Montgomery File A lot of mountain people are kind of backward, but I don’t care to talk to nobody (40-year-old woman, Del Rio TN). [2011 Houk Quilts 12 Quilts are cloaked in superstition too, like “shake the cat” for example. Oxford English and Spanish Dictionary, Thesaurus, and Spanish to English Translator Reciprocally, DSASME borrows many citations from DARE when this is deemed useful, as from the vast Gordon Wilson Collection (c1960)[7]. UNC Press is an affiliate of the University of North Carolina System. 1998 Dante OHP-51 The train had to go up and go way up here and get a run and go and come back. Further diversifying the speech documented in DSASME is the fact that Southern Appalachia is larger than generally perceived. DSASME adopts a somewhat simpler format for citations than does DARE. Geology. Introduction. [DARE running go n southern Appalachians]. Of course we didn’t have ice skates, so we'd take a running go and slide on our shoe soles. Popular nomenclature for flora and fauna forms a major component of the dictionary. 2014. Montgomery, Michael B., and Jennifer Heinmiller. of or relating to the orogeny and accompanying intrusion that … We'd make that for a slide. What resulted fourteen years later and a dozen years after Hall’s death was DSME. The relation between DSASME and DARE. The family jolt-wagon and mules were at my service, however, and the ride was one to remember. Appalachian translation in English - Spanish Reverso dictionary, see also 'Appalachia',appal',apparatchik',appalling', examples, definition, conjugation 1973 GSMNP-79:17 You could play out in the hallway where they'd waxed it, you know. [2]ARC designates counties as “Appalachian” on the basis of socio-economic profile as well as topography. Author Encyclopedic as well as lexicographic, such an entry references a regional custom, practice, or the like. It lacks natural or political boundaries, unlike the territory on which other regional works of lexicography have been based. [6]Joseph Hall, whose work, as indicated above, formed the foundation of DSME, donated a duplicate of his citation slips to DARE, from which that dictionary incorporates more than 500 items. Dictionary of American Regional English. This is a one-of-a-kind dictionary in terms of regional lexicography. 2005 Bailey Henderson County 32 Now and then he pushed his wilted felt hat to the back of his head and wiped away beads of perspiration that gleamed on his brow. Extensive use of manuscripts is just one of these. 1991 Still Wolfpen Notebooks 59 He grabbed off his belt and he swarped me, and he swarped me with the wrong end of it. Still, and Jesse Stuart). © The University of North Carolina Press For example, when DARE posits the range of an item to be “South Midland” (as big ‘pregnant’), DSASME notes this within brackets at the foot of the relevant entry paragraph. For a moment its eyes pleaded with the shakers in vain. 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