zulu language country

Take a trip to South Africa to immerse yourself in the language. There are three main tonemes: low, high and falling. John Dube from Natal established the Ohlange Institute in 1901. We included the audio as well. There may be some variation between speakers as to whether clusters are broken up by an epenthetic vowel or not, e.g. It is also the most widely spoken language in South Africa. The town has ... SouthAfrica.com. Below we picked expressions that a new learner will find useful. Zulu migrant populations have taken it to adjacent regions, especially Zimbabwe, where the Northern Ndebele language (isiNdebele) is closely related to Zulu. This effect can be seen in the locative forms of nouns ending in -o or -u, which changes to -weni and -wini respectively in the locative. However, like most other Bantu languages, Zulu has word tone, meaning that the pattern of tones acts more like a template to assign tones to individual syllables, rather than a direct representation of the pronounced tones themselves. It’s been estimated that up to 50% of the population speaks Zulu as either a second or third language, which makes it, without a doubt, the biggest language in the country. All trademarks and web sites that appear throughout this site are the property of their respective owners. However, a small number of Zulu also live in Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Mozambique.The Zulu language, called isiZulu, is a Bantu language of the Nguni subgroup.. In the 1994 film The Lion King, in the "Circle of Life" song, the phrases Ingonyama nengw' enamabala (English: A lion and a leopard spots), Nans' ingonyama bakithi Baba (English: Here comes a lion, Father) and Siyonqoba (English: We will conquer) were used. This site is supported by ads. The penultimate syllable can also bear a falling tone when it is long due to the word's position in the phrase. The other popular language is the Xhosa with 16% of the population speaking the language. The South African Broadcasting Corporation has domestic television and radio in Zulu. A low tone is therefore better described as the absence of any toneme; it is a kind of default tone that is overridden by high or falling tones. Like almost all other Bantu and other African languages, Zulu is tonal. Zulu has become a wide-spread language in Africa. Currently popular pronunciations. Like other Bantu languages, Zulu is written using the Latin alphabet. Moreover, Zulu does not generally tolerate sequences of a labial consonant plus /w/. The Chief Minister of KwaZulu, from its creation in 1970 (as Zululand) was Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi. These include donga (ditch), ubantu (humanity), muti (medicine) and indaba (conference). When the preceding syllable is high but the following is toneless, the medial toneless syllable adopts a high-tone onset from the preceding syllable, resulting in a falling tone contour. There are 10,677,305 (23.82 %) first language speakers [2001 census data], which makes this the language in South Africa with the most first language speakers. Besides isiZulu, many of the modern Zulus also speak other official languages of South Africa, including English, Afrikaans, and Portuguese. "Language in South Africa: the role of language in national transformation, reconstruction and development", "Ukwabelana - An open-source morphological Zulu corpus", "Oscar nomination for SA film - Brand South Africa", "The salience and symbolism of numbers across cultural beliefs and practice", "Structural characteristics of Zulu English", The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Zulu, A short English–isiZulu–Japanese phraselist, Zulu Swadesh list of basic vocabulary words, Zulu With Dingani - Online beginner's course, University Of South Africa, free online course, isiZulu.net Zulu–English Online Dictionary, Spell checker for OpenOffice.org and Mozilla, Commission for Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Community Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zulu_language&oldid=1001112184, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2016, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Certain words are also used in Standard English, particularly animal names such as mamba and impala. This occurs only with loanwords. The Zulu language (native name: isiZulu) has its roots in the Niger–Congo language family. South African English has absorbed many words from the Zulu language. For example, the words for "priest" and "teacher" are both spelled umfundisi, but they are pronounced with different tones: /úm̩fúndisi/ for the "priest" meaning, and /úm̩fundísi/ for the "teacher" meaning. The 2019 worldwide hit Jerusalema contains lyrics in Zulu language. Palatal approximant becomes palatal nasal. Whilst both the male and female buffalo have horns, the male buffalo's horns are thicker and point upwards at the tips. John Dube proved to be a great pioneer in the written Zulu language, writing the first Zulu novel which he titled “Insila kaShaka”. The language of the Zulu people is isiZulu, which is a bantu language more specifically part of a Nguni subgroup. Overview. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Zulu Classes. While palatalisation occurred historically, it is still productive, and occurs as a result of the addition of suffixes beginning with /j/. Ethnologue estimates (calculated between 2000 and 2015): Webb, Vic. When the following syllable already has a high or falling tone, the tone disappears from the syllable as if it had been shifted away, but the following syllable's tone is not modified. Zulu and Xhosa are the most common mother tongues, although English is understood by most people. When visiting this beautiful land why not ask one of the local Zulu speakers to teach you a few phrases, they are certain to appreciate your efforts. Another pioneering Zulu writer was Reginald Dhlomo, author of several historical novels of the 19th-century leaders of the Zulu nation: U-Dingane (1936), U-Shaka (1937), U-Mpande (1938), U-Cetshwayo (1952) and U-Dinizulu (1968). It is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million native speakers, who primarily inhabit the province of KwaZulu-Natal of South Africa. Consonant clusters consist of any consonant, optionally preceded by a homorganic nasal consonant (so-called "prenasalisation", described in more detail below) and optionally followed by the consonant /w/. Standard Zulu tends to be purist, using derivations from Zulu words for new concepts, whereas speakers of urban Zulu use loan words abundantly, mainly from English. After Apartheid ended in 1994, Zulu became one of the official languages in South Africa. Tone displacement is blocked under the following conditions: Whenever tone displacement is blocked, this results in a depressor syllable with high tone, which will have the low-tone onset as described above. Zulu or isiZulu is another of South Africa's official languages. View the guide. [11] The first written document in Zulu was a Bible translation that appeared in 1883. All education in the country at the high-school level was in English or Afrikaans. All rights reserved. Zulu is a Bantu language, meaning that it is related to other Bantu languages like Swahili and Chichewa, the language of Malawi. However, traditional Zulu religions, based on animal and nature worship and high regards for one's ance… This was South Africa’s first indigenous educational foundation. Phrases Tips To make sure you are more likely to remember each expression, try to first to read the sentence without hearing it, then click to hear how it is prnounced, then read it out loud 3 times while imagining yourself vividly talking to somone. Zulu or isiZulu is the language of the Zulu people. Spoken by some 10 million individuals, most of whom reside in South Africa, Zulu is the home language of 24% of South Africans and is understood by more than 50% of the country's inhabitants. Due to European influences, many Zulus of the present day are Christians, including both Catholics and Protestants. i-Afrika. The Zulu nation’s existence in South Africa dates back to around the 14th century AD. The Zulu, like Xhosa and other Nguni people, have lived in South Africa for a long time. Other great names in Zulu literature have included Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali, Benedict Wallet Vilakazi and Reginald Dhlomo, who specialized in historical novels based on the lives of Zulu leaders such as Shaka and Dingane. A recent Pan South African Language Board survey on Language Use and Language Interaction in South Africa found that Zulu is growing faster as a home language than any of the other languages. /ɛ/ and /ɔ/ are pronounced [e] and [o], respectively, if a following syllable contains the [+ATR] vowels /i/ or /u/. If a labial consonant immediately precedes, palatalisation is triggered. isiZulu is the language of the Zulu people and about 10 million residents are fluent in the language. Home » South African Culture and Tradition Explored » Languages of South Africa » Zulu – South Africa’s Renowned Indigenous Language. In addition, syllabic /m̩/ occurs as a reduction of former /mu/, and acts like a true syllable: it can be syllabic even when not word-initial, and can also carry distinctive tones like a full syllable. In the sentence, Zulu: 27 million (L1: 11 million, L2: 16 million), This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 08:44. In principle, every morpheme has an inherent underlying tone pattern which does not change regardless of where it appears in a word. IsiZulu is South Africa's most widely spoken official language. [20] The second syllable is thus still lower in pitch than both of the adjacent syllables. For example, the Zulu Washermen's Guild, Amawasha, was active in Natal and the Witwatersrand even before the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910. Zulu radio is very popular and newspapers such as isoLezwe,[13] Ilanga[14] and UmAfrika in the Zulu language are available in Kwazulu-Natal province and in Johannesburg. If the penultimate syllable becomes high (not falling), the final syllable dissimilates and becomes low if it wasn't already. During Apartheid, Zulu was spoken commonly in the Kwazulu bantustan. Today, the Pan South African Language Board supports the use of all 11 official languages of South Africa. ikhompiyutha /iːkʰompijuːtʰa/ or ikhompyutha /iːkʰompjuːtʰa/ "computer". Zulu-language television was introduced by the SABC in the early 1980s and it broadcasts news and many shows in Zulu. Since the demise of apartheid in 1994, Zulu has been enjoying a marked revival. This is evidenced in the use of click consonants in the Zulu language. We start with greetings and introduction. Zulu Language About: Zulu (also known as isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. Different prefixes can be attached to these verbal stems to specify subject agreement and various degrees of past or future tense. Tone, stress and vowel length are not indicated. While you might hear Zulu spoken anywhere in South Africa, since it is one of the country's 11 official languages, if you truly want to immerse yourself in Zulu language and culture, take a trip to Zululand, a part of the KwaZulu-Natal province in northeast South Africa. If the next syllable is long, it gets a falling tone, otherwise a regular high tone. Zulu is the most widely spoken language in South Africa with about 12 million speakers representing 23% of the country’s population. The Zulu Full-Time Course runs for 3 hours a day, from Mondays to Fridays and can be booked for a minimum of 2 weeks. The language is understood by more than half of South Africans. The mutual intelligibility of many Nguni languages has increased the likelihood of Zulu becoming the lingua franca of the eastern half of the country. When the following syllable is the final syllable, and is short. Prenasalisation occurs whenever a consonant is preceded by a homorganic nasal, either lexically or as a consequence of prefixation. Xhosa, the predominant language in the Eastern Cape, is often considered mutually intelligible with Zulu, as is Northern Ndebele. pronouncekiwi - How To Pronounce Zulu country. Welcome Underlying high tones tend to surface rightward from the syllables where they are underlyingly present, especially in longer words. Fricatives become affricates. It is also heard in Gauteng and Mpumalanga. A frequent example is the diminutive suffix -yana. 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